BA in Law University of Havana (1956), Doctor in Law University of Madrid (1958), MA in Economics University of Miami (1965) and PhD in Industrial and Labor Relations Cornell University (1968). Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of Economics and Latin American Studies University of Pittsburgh (1999 on), Distinguished Professor (1980-99), Director Center for Latin American Studies (1974-86); Greenleaf Visiting Professor Tulane University (2009), Tomás de Mercado Visiting Professor Universidad Salamanca (2008), Professor/Research Scholar Florida International University (1999-02), Emilio Bacardi Visiting Professor University of Miami (1994). Visiting Professor Oxford University, Free University of Berlin, Centro Latinoamericano Economía Humana (Montevideo), Centro Interamericano Estudios de Seguridad Social (Mexico City), Instituto Universitario Ortega y Gasset (Madrid). Research Associate Max-Plank-Institut für ausländiches und internationales Sozialrecht (Munich) and Instituto Torcuato Di Tella (Buenos Aires); has taught at universities in Havana and Madrid. President Latin American Studies Association (LASA, 1980). Author of 93 books/monographs and 300 articles/chapters in books on the Cuban economy and social welfare, Latin America's social security, and comparative economic systems, published in 7 languages in 33 countries. Most recent books on Cuba are: Market, Socialist and Mixed Economies: Comparative Policy and Performance—Chile, Cuba and Costa Rica (Johns Hopkins, 2000); La Economía y el Bienestar Social en Cuba a Comienzos del Siglo XXI (Editorial Colibrí, 2003); Cuba’s Aborted Reform: Socioeconomic Effects, International Comparisons and Transition Policies (with Jorge Perez-Lopez, University Press of Florida, 2005); Cuba en the Era de Raúl Castro: Reformas económico-sociales y sus efectos (Colibrí, 2012); Social Protection Systems in Latin America: Cuba (U.N. ECLAC, 2013); and Cuba Under Raul Castro: Assessing the Reforms (with J. Pérez-López, Lynne Reinner, 2013).
Founder and Editor for 20 years of Cuban Studies. Regional Advisor on Social Security ECLAC, 1983-84; consultant ILO, International Social Security Association, World Bank, IADB, USAID, UNCTAD, UNDP, UNRISD, PAHO, OAS, Inter-American Foundation, Wharton Econometrics Forecasting, US Department of State, GTZ, Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, Konrad Adenauer Stiftung and Goethe Universität (Germany). Lecturer in 39 countries in North and Latin America, Europe and Asia. Has been awarded: Inaugural ILO International Prize on Decent Work (life work on social protection, 2007, shared with Nelson Mandela), Alexander Von Humbolt Stiftung Senior Prize (outstanding research, 1991) and collaborative research grants (1997, 2002), Max-Planck Institut für Sozialrecht und Sozialpolitik award (2012), Best Cuban Educator of the Year (2013), finalist Spain’s Prince of Asturias Prize on Social Sciences (2009), 2 Fulbright Senior Awards (1995, 2003), Choice outstanding books (Cuba 2006, social security 1995), Homage from OISS and CISS (life work on social security, 2004, 2008) and Institute of Cuban Studies and journal Encuentro (life work on Cuba’s economy, 2004), Annual Recognition Award from Association for the Study of the Cuban Economy (1997), Univ. of Pittsburgh President's Senior Research Prize (1994) and Distinguished Service Prize (1995), and Arthur Whitaker Prize (best book Cuba, 1982). Member of National Academy of Social Insurance and Editorial Board of International Social Security Review and other 7 academic journals. Research grants from Ford, Heinz, Kellogg, Mellon, Reynolds, Rockefeller and Tinker Foundations, SSRC, NSF, Inter-American Foundation, Friedrich-Ebert Stiftung, Japan Foundation and US-Spain Commission for Academic Exchange.